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16
Glossary of terms
16 October 2015 04:38 PM

Access point

Other Names: accesspoint, WAP

 

In computer networking, a wireless access point (WAP or AP) is a device that connects wireless communication devices together to form a wireless network. The WAP usually connects to a wired network, and can relay data between wireless devices and wired devices. Several WAPs can link together to form a larger network that allows "roaming". (In contrast, a network where the client devices manage themselves - without the need for any access points - becomes an ad-hoc network.) Wireless access points have IP addresses for configuration.

 

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Address

Other Names:URL

An Internet address, or URL, is the name of a site you want to connect to, such as xtra.co.nz. Also, an Internet address can be the address of someone you want to send email to, such as name@company.co.nz. A typical address starts with a protocol name (such as ftp:// or http://) followed by the organisation that maintains the site; the suffix identifies the kind of organisation. For example, commercial site addresses often end with .com.

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Data

Other Names: allowance, usage, traffic

Your data allowance is measured by how much data you use. Basically, every time you use the Internet to send / receive an email or visit a webpage you're using data. Here is an example of 'real world data usage' given 100MB data allowance:

Online Activity

100MB Allowance

400MB Allowance

Average web page 800 3200
Text only email 20,000 80,000
MP3 music file (3 minutes) 20 80
Movie trailer (3 minutes) 3 12
Word document 2,000 8,000
Online gaming 5 Hours 20 Hours
Streaming video (300Kbps speed) 30 Minutes 2 Hours

 

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Kilobyte

Other Names: KB

A Kilobyte (KB) is 1,024 Bytes. A single Byte is 8 binary bits. A single binary bit is either a '1' or a '0'.

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Megabyte

Other Names: MB

A Megabyte (MB) is 1,024 Kilobytes, or 1,048,576 bytes.

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Network

Other Names: WAN, LAN

 

A computer network is any set of computers or devices connected to each other. Examples of networks are the Internet, a wide area network that is the largest to ever exist, or a small home local area network (LAN) with two computers connected with standard networking cables connecting to a network interface card in each computer.